2 CFR, Part 200 Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards (Effective December 26, 2014)

Assistance Listings (Formerly CFDA)
Assistance listings are detailed public descriptions of federal programs that provide grants, loans, scholarships, insurance, and other types of assistance awards.

Code Of Federal Regulations (CFR)
The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) annual edition is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the departments and agencies of the Federal Government. It is divided into 50 titles that represent broad areas subject to Federal regulation. The 50 subject matter titles contain one or more individual volumes, which are updated once each calendar year, on a staggered basis.

Unique Entity Identifier (UEI)
The System for Award Management ( had utilized the Dun & Bradstreet (D&B) Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) ® nine-digit number as the unique identifier for entities throughout the federal awarding lifecycle – in, in other Integrated Award Environment (IAE)systems, on required forms, and in downstream government systems.

On April 4, 2022, the federal government stopped using the DUNS Number to uniquely identify entities. Now, entities doing business with the federal government use the 12-character Unique Entity ID created in If an entity is registered in today, a Unique Entity ID has already been assigned and is viewable in This includes inactive registrations.

Federal Audit Clearinghouse (FAC)
Federal grants recipients who expend $750,00 or more in federal grant funds during the non-federal entity’s fiscal year are required to submit an audit to the Federal Audit Clearinghouse (FAC) on an annual basis.  The FAC operates on behalf of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and its primary purposes are to:

• Distribute single audit reporting packages to federal agencies.
• Support OMB oversight and assessment of federal award audit requirements.
• Maintain a public database of completed audits.
• Help auditors and auditees minimize the reporting burden of complying with Single Audit requirements.

Federal Service Desk (FSD)
The purpose of the Federal Service Desk ( is to help visitors get the information and assistance they need for the systems (websites) that the FSD supports. You may contact FSD for help with these systems:

  • Electronic Subcontracting Reporting System (eSRS)
  • Federal Business Opportunities (FBO or FedBizOpps)
  • FFATA Subaward Reporting System (FSRS)
  • System for Award Management (SAM)

FSRS: FFATA Subaward Reporting System
The FFATA (Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act) Subaward Reporting System (FSRS) is the reporting tool Federal prime awardees use to report subaward and executive compensation data regarding their first-tier subawards to meet the FFATA reporting requirements. The sub-award information entered in FSRS is then displayed on associated with the prime award.

Federal Funds Information for States (FFIS)
Federal Funds Information for States (FFIS) helps states manage their federal funds by providing timely analysis of the impact of federal actions on states.  Founded by the National Governors Association and the National Conference of State Legislatures, FFIS’s primary mission is to track and report on the fiscal impact of federal budget and policy decisions on state budgets and programs. This information is maintained in a database of more than 200 federal grant-in-aid programs that account for more than 90% of all federal funds flowing to state and local governments. It is disseminated to subscribers through a regular series of reports and briefs, and is also available via the website. FFIS is a subscription service, to which 47 states, Puerto Rico, and Washington, DC currently subscribe.

Federal Grants-in-Aid Administration: A Primer
Published by the Congressional Research Service, October 3, 2012.  The report is designed to assist Congress in its oversight of federal grants-in-aid programs by providing an overview of federal grants-in-aid generally; a description of the typical life cycle of a federal grant, including the processes for selecting, awarding, administering, and overseeing a federal grant award; and an analysis of the tracking of federal grants currently administered by federal agencies.
Portal to find and apply for federal grants.

Principles of Federal Appropriations Law
Principles of Federal Appropriations Law, also known as the Red Book, is GAO’s multi-volume treatise concerning federal fiscal law.

SAM (The System for Award Management)
The System for Award Management (SAM) combines federal procurement systems and the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance into one new system. The first phase of SAM includes the functionality from the following systems:

    1. Federal Agency Registration (Fedreg)
    2. Central Contractor Registry (CCR)
    3. Online Representations and Certifications Application
    4. Excluded Parties List System (EPLS)

The Library of Congress
Legislative information from the Library of Congress including Bills, Resolutions; Activity in Congress; Congressional Record.
The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (FFATA) was signed into law on September 26, 2006. The legislation required that federal contracts of more than $3,000 and grant, loan, and other financial assistance awards of more than $25,000 be displayed on a searchable, publicly accessible website,, to give the American public access to information on how their tax dollars are being spent. The initial site went live in 2007. Federal agencies are required to report the name of the entity receiving the award, the amount of the award, the recipient’s location, the place of performance location, as well as other information. In 2008, FFATA was amended by the Government Funding Transparency Act to require prime recipients to report details on their first-tier sub-recipients for awards made as of October 1, 2010.In February 2014, the Office of Management and Budget designated the Department of Treasury responsible for operating and supporting Treasury’s Bureau of the Fiscal Service is administering this responsibility on behalf of Treasury. The Bureau of the Fiscal Service relaunched in March 2015 with improvements to the site’s usability, presentation, and search, including a re-organization of how the data is presented.